Fort Concho's Buffalo Soldiers recreate company "A" of the 10th Cavalry, one of the two all-black cavalry regiments that protected the Southwest and Great Plains in the late 19th century. Four all-black regiments of infantry and cavalry performed various duties in the American West with distinction in the Indian Wars period, 1866-1891. Fort Concho's Buffalo Soldiers portray a dismounted cavalry company from the late 1870s.
According to various stories, the term "Buffalo Soldier" was a compliment to the black soldier's courage given by his Indian foe. Equating the hair style of the previously unseen blacks to that of the sacred buffalo, the Indians fought but also respected their infantry and cavalry adversaries. The term has endured and the buffalo remains on the 10th Cavalry's regimental crest.